Rye Field Model M1A1/A2 Abrams
There are three main operational Abrams versions, the M1, M1A1, and M1A2, with each new iteration seeing improvements in armament, protection, and electronics. Efforts to develop an M1A3 version were first publicly disclosed in The resulting design, the MBTincorporated new technologies across the board.
A hydropneumatic suspension provided excellent cross-country ride quality and also allowed the entire tank to be raised or lowered by the driver, with the lowest position placing the top of the tank only 6 feet 1. While the design was highly capable, its weight continued to grow, as did its budget. Bythe unit cost stood at five times the original estimates. As a result of the problems with the MBT, the U. Army introduced the XM, using some technologies from the MBT but removing some of the more troublesome features.Agriculture quiz bowl questions
This succeeded only in producing an expensive system with capabilities similar to the M After several rounds of input, the decision was made to offer maximum armor to defeat the "heavy threat". To this end, a new design basis emerged in FebruaryLK It had to defeat any hit from a Soviet gun within meters and 30 degrees to either side.
Examining the experiences of the Yom Kippur War that year, a number of design changes were made. At the time, the US military's procurement system was beset with problems being caused by the desire to have the best possible design.Ingenico firmware update
This often resulted in the programs being canceled due to cost overruns, leaving the forces with outdated systems, as was the case with the MBT There was a strong movement within the Army to get a new design within budget to prevent the MBT experience from repeating itself. Chrysler and GM entered bids. The Army was planning on introducing several new types of ammunition for the that would greatly improve its performance, notably, the XM using depleted uranium.
These rounds would give it the performance needed to defeat any Soviet tank with ease.m1a2 abrams tank destroyes truck with single shot
There was some concern that depleted uranium would not be allowed in Germany, perhaps just in peacetime, so improvements to the tungsten cored M were also considered.
Through this same period, there was an ongoing effort to improve NATO logistics by standardizing ammunition to the maximum possible degree. In this case, the would give them the performance needed to defeat such a development even without depleted uranium. The turret designs of the two prototypes were modified to allow either gun to be fitted.
First was due to the large number of M60 Patton tanks with the M68E1 gun still in widespread US service in the s and a large on-hand stockpile of mm munitions.
Fitting the M1 with the M68A1 gun was viewed as an economical and practical solution that allowed for commonality in ammunition among the two types of tanks.The M1 is designed for a four-person crew.
The driver sits in the front section of the hull, directly under the main gun. In order to fit in the confined space, he has to lean way back in a reclining, form-fitting bucket seat, sort of like a dentist chair.
M1 crew members say that this is far and away the most comfortable position in the tank. The driver steers the tank using a motorcycle-style handlebar, and accelerates by twisting a handle grip throttle.
The tank has a brake pedal on the floor, just like a car. The driver navigates using three periscopes also called vision blocks. For night operations, he can substitute a night vision sensor for one of the ordinary periscopes.
The driver also has a digital instrument panel, called the driver's integrated display DIDwhich provides navigational data, as well as information about things like speed, fluid level and engine performance. The rest of the crew works in the turret basket the turret's interior compartment.
The loader rides on the left side of the turret, toward the back; the gunner rides on the right side, towards the front; and the commander rides on the right side, towards the back.
The commander oversees the tank's operation, communicates with other tank commanders and directs the rest of the crew. He has several periscopes and a joystick-controlled independent thermal night vision viewer to survey the battlefield. He can monitor the tank's various systems and its position on his integrated display. The gunner targets enemy vehicles and bunkers and fires the main gun. He pinpoints targets using a stabilized sight, with day vision and thermal night vision capabilities, and a laser range-finder that precisely measures the distance to the target.
He also controls the front machine gun and monitors the main gun's general condition. The loader pulls rounds from the ammunition compartment and load them into the main gun. Generally, the gunner tells the loader which sort of round to load. The loader and commander may also operate the two machine guns mounted on top of the turret. On the M1A2, they have to open the tank's two hatches and fire the guns manually, so it's not a viable option in a tank battle.
The machine guns are mainly for attacking infantry soldiers. Using IVIS, commanders keep track of the other tanks' positions, transmit maps and share information about the enemy.
In order to hide communications from the enemy, the system uses encrypted radio signals. The combination of these advanced electronics, incredibly strong armor and massive firepower make the M1 an almost unbeatable opponent in tank warfare. But evolving technology will eventually surpass the M1, and the weapon will take its place alongside the dozens of other tanks that have come and gone over the years.
What It Looks Like to Load and Fire Inside an Abrams Tank
In the world of military science, technological superiority has a short life span. Prev NEXT. M1 Crew. In the M1, the driver sits in the front of the tank hull.
Review DetailScaleView. Review Military Modelling Info. Review Modellboard. Wishlist mates. Stash mates. Started 7 mates. Completed 8x. Tamiya Model Magazine December Actions Stash. Model DM New tool. M1A1 Abrams Images: Actions Info. M1 Grizzly Images: Actions Info Kits.The M1 Abrams main battle tank has been in service since Since then, it has gone through dozens of upgrades and been the baseline variant of several vehicles. The first attempt to replace the aging M60 Patton was the MBTdeveloped in partnership with West Germany in the s and reaching the testing stage by The MBT was very ambitious, and had various innovative ideas that ultimately proved unsuccessful.
As a result of the imminent failure of this project, the U. Army introduced the XM This succeeded only in producing an expensive system with capabilities similar to the M Baer as production manager. The Pentagon's requirements specified a tank gun between and mm and a Bushmaster cannon with a caliber between 20 and mm. Plans called for a tank weighing about 54 tons.
Chrysler chose a regenerative turbine engine made by Avco Lycoming while General Motors chose a Teledyne Continental diesel engine. The Pentagon in also allowed the West German Leopard 2 to be tested against the American winner at Aberdeen with the understanding that the better tank would be adopted by both countries. However the two nations were unable to reconcile their nationalistic differences, so a compromise was made that would have both tanks share common parts.
In July the Army recommended selecting the General Motors offering, but the recommendation was disregarded by the Pentagon, which asked competitors to modify their proposals to share parts with the German tank. In November the Army selected Chrysler's design.
An improved model called the M1IP was produced briefly in and contained small upgrades. These exercises usually took place in Western Europeespecially West Germanybut also in some other countries like South Korea. During such training, Abrams crews honed their skills for use against the men and equipment of the Soviet Union. However, by the Soviet state had collapsed and the Abrams would have its trial by fire in the Middle East. The Abrams remained untested in combat until the Persian Gulf War in The Ts like most Soviet export designs lacked night vision systems and then-modern rangefindersthough they did have some night fighting tanks with older active infrared systems or floodlights—just not the latest starlight scopes and passive infrared scopes as on the Abrams.
Only 23 M1A1s were taken out of service in the Persian Gulf . Some others took minor combat damage, with little effect on their operational readiness. Very few M1 tanks were hit by enemy fire, and none were destroyed as a direct result of enemy fire, with no fatalities due to enemy fire.
This meant Abrams tanks could hit Iraqi tanks before the enemy got in range—a decisive advantage in this kind of combat. This was not the case for the side armor of the hull and the rear armor of the turret, as both areas were penetrated at least in two occasions by friendly DU ammunition during the Battle of Norfolk. On the night of February 26,four Abrams were disabled, possibly as a result of friendly fire by Hellfire missiles fired from AH Apache attack helicopterswith the result of some crew members wounded in action.
Abrams C was definitively hit and penetrated by a friendly DU shot  and there is some evidence that another Iraqi T may have scored a single hit on Bbesides the alleged Hellfire strike.
Tanks D and C took some casualties,  but only B became a permanent loss. The DoD's damage assessments state that B was the only M1 with signs of a Hellfire missile found nearby. One of them was hit by enemy fire, the two other embedded in mud.
The tanks were destroyed by U. TF1st Armored Division. Hull number:D . These were fitted on the sides and rear of the turret, with flat panels equipped with a four-cornered 'box' image on either side of the turret front these can be seen in the below image, similar flat panels also being employed on British Challenger 2 tanks serving in the conflict.
In addition to the Abrams' already heavy armament, some crews were also issued M AT4 shoulder-fired anti-tank weapons under the assumption that they might have to engage heavy armor in tight urban areas where the main gun couldn't be brought to bear.
Some Abrams were also fitted with a secondary storage bin on the back of the existing bustle rack on the rear of the turret referred to as a bustle rack extension to enable the crew to carry more supplies and personal belongings.
How M1 Tanks Work
The M1A2 is a further improvement of the M1A1 with a commander's independent thermal viewer and weapon station, position navigation equipment, digital data bus and a radio interface unit. Further upgrades include depleted uranium armor for all variants, a system overhaul that returns all A1s to like-new condition M1A1 AIMa digital enhancement package for the A1 M1A1Da commonality program to standardize parts between the U.Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community.
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Other Sellers on Amazon. Sold by: Cosmic-King llc.Ever wondered what it looks like inside an Abrams tank when the main gun is fired? A GoPro video from the perspective of the tank's loader shows the action in the cramped space of the turret. The tank commander, to his right, gives the order to fire.
Out of sight, the gunner fires the gun and the breech block slides backward—straight toward the camera—ejecting the casing. The American M1 Abrams tank is one of the last tanks to have a human main gun loader.
All other tanks, including the new Russian T Armata tankhave mechanical loaders. Mechanical loaders take up less volume inside a tank than a human being, meaning tanks can be made smaller.
That doesn't mean human loaders don't have their advantages. The French LeClerc main battle tank has an autoloader that can load 12 rounds a minute, or one every five seconds. That may sound fast, but human loaders are actually faster—skilled U.
Army tank loaders can load the gun in three seconds, and in the first Gulf War, an M1 Abrams tank destroyed three enemy vehicles in five seconds. Tank crews are also useful in other roles.
The more crew around to do tank maintenance and upkeep the better. During lulls in combat, a four man tank can still have one man outside the tank, keeping watch, while the rest of the crew can still man all the tank's essential functions.
A three man tank will have to send the gunner, driver, or commander outside—meaning the tank either can't shoot, can't move, or the commander can't quickly issue commands to the crew. American tankers have a suspicion of tanks that don't have human loaders. During the Cold War, it was rumored that the automatic loader on a Soviet T tank would occasionally mistake a tanker's arm for a main gun round and attempt to feed it into the gun.
And during the development of the XM-8 Armored Gun Systemthe tank's autoloader was derided for jamming while ejecting the round outside the turret, necessitating a crew member getting out of the tank and expose himself to enemy fire in order to clear the jam.
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Manufacturer: Rye Field. Pros: Fine details; great little extras; several build options; decals performed well. Cons: Poor instructions and none for one sheet of decals ; some decals too tiny; overly complicated tracks. Comments: Injection-molded, 2, parts PEdecals. Rye Field Model stays on its A game with the first all-plastic Abrams kit with a full interior.Stata teffects common support
The kit includes options to build an M1A1 or A2, as well as such nice little extras as coolers, ammunition boxes, spare road wheels, and clear water bottles. The decals provide four marking options, two for the A1 and two for the A2.
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